“Mighty God”


For to us a child is born,
    to us a son is given,
    and the government will be on his shoulders.
And he will be called
    Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God,
    Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. (Is. 9:6)

This phrase in the Hebrew has the idea of a warrior.  The “Mighty Men of David” were those who rallied to his cause and were battle tested.  And so the babe of Bethlehem grew up to do battle.  How are his enemies?

  • Sin
  • Death
  • The Devil

Here are the results of a discussion on our Adult Class:

Mighty God – Adult Class 12/6/15

The three enemies of humanity are Sin, Death and the Devil. IN class we assigned scriptures to enemies. Note that some verses speak to all three enemies.

  1. Against Sin
  • Romans 3:23-24
  • Romans 8:38-39
  • Galatians 1:4
  • Colossians 1:13
  • Colossians 2:15
  • Colossians 3:5-6
  • Hebrews 2:14-15
  • I John 1:7-9
  • I John 2:2
  • I John 3:1
  1. Against Death
  • Isaiah 25:8
  • Romans 8:38-39
  • I Corinthians 15:25-26
  • I Corinthians 15:57
  • 2 Timothy 1:10
  • Hebrews 2:14-15
  • I Thessalonians 3:13
  • Revelation 1:18
  • Revelation 20:14
  • Revelation 21:14

3. Against the Devil

  • Matthew 12:28
  • John 12:31
  • Acts 10:38
  • Romans 8:38-39
  • Colossians 1:13
  • Colossians 2:15
  • Hebrews 2:14-15
  • I John 2:13-14
  • I John 3:13
  • Revelation 20:1-3
  • Revelation 20:4


Isaiah 25:8; Matthew 12:28; John 12:31; Acts 10:38; Romans 1:1, Romans 3:23; Romans 8:38-39; I Corinthians 15:25-26; I Corinthians 15:57; Galatians 1:4; Colossians 1:13, Colossians 2:15; Colossians 3:5-6;  2 Timothy 1:10, Hebrews 2:1`4-15; I John 1:7-9,I John 2:13-14; I John 3:13; Revelation 1:18; Revelation 20:1-3; Revelation 20:14; Revelation 21:4

A Psalm of Praise – a class construction project

thumbsupAfter our study of psalms of lament and praise, we constructed our own Psalm of Praise.  The main section grew out of our own experiences of the Lord’s answer to our prayers in various times of need – community and individual.

A Psalm of Praise

God is good, all the time.

All the time, God is good.

You have granted us help

In our time of need.

You miraculously provided the funds

For our church improvement projects.

You provided the funds

When we thought there were none

You gave the light

To make the parking lot bright.

You supplied the flooring in the annex

By your servants Tom and Alex

Out of the pit you brought paving

It leaves all of us raving.

What looked like a dead end

You turned into a curve.

Though we don’t deserve it

You have  strengthened our spirit.

You God have lifted me up and

 Given me joy at the birth of a new grandson

A buyer came at our depth of discouragement

The movers and all the helpers were like angels

On that very hot day

We still pause to reflect

On all that has happened for us.

 Obedience is the motivation for God’s blessing.

If you watch, observe, they become obvious.

After Alice’s fall, you sent help

You sold her house,

You placed her with other Christians

At the Jefferson.

Good health and a new job were miracles indeed.

God’s love goes on forever.

We are not blue

For your promises are true

My heart greatly rejoices,

And I will sing your songs forever.

The Class – November 24, 2013

Limits of Narrative Worksheet: the Case of Deborah


We need to gain our theology from teaching portions of the Bible, and then compare those to the Stories.  It is rarely a good idea to change what we think the bible teaches by comparing it to a story.

Deborah and Women in Leadership:

1.  Read Joshua 4 (bottom of page) together and look at what the Narrator highlights about Deborah as a woman.  Cite verse numbers and give a sentence or two of explanation.






2.  Are there other women in the story?

  • V. 17-22; 5:24-27
  • 5:28-31

 3.  Compare to Teaching passages in the New Testament:

  • I Timothy 2:8-15
  • I Corinthians 11:2-16
  • I Corinthians 14:33-27
  • Acts 18:1-3; 24-28

 Texts on Deborah in Judges 4,5

Judges 4:4-16 ESV

Now Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lappidoth, was judging Israel at that time. She used to sit under the palm of Deborah between Ramah and Bethel in the hill country of Ephraim, and the people of Israel came up to her for judgment. She sent and summoned Barak the son of Abinoam from Kedesh-naphtali and said to him, “Has not the Lord, the God of Israel, commanded you, ‘Go, gather your men at Mount Tabor, taking 10,000 from the people of Naphtali and the people of Zebulun. And I will draw out Sisera, the general of Jabin’s army, to meet you by the river Kishon with his chariots and his troops, and I will give him into your hand’?” Barak said to her, “If you will go with me, I will go, but if you will not go with me, I will not go.” And she said, “I will surely go with you. Nevertheless, the road on which you are going will not lead to your glory, for the Lord will sell Sisera into the hand of a woman.” Then Deborah arose and went with Barak to Kedesh. 10 And Barak called out Zebulun and Naphtali to Kedesh. And 10,000 men went up at his heels, and Deborah went up with him.

11 Now Heber the Kenite had separated from the Kenites, the descendants of Hobab the father-in-law of Moses, and had pitched his tent as far away as the oak in Zaanannim, which is near Kedesh.

12 When Sisera was told that Barak the son of Abinoam had gone up to Mount Tabor,13 Sisera called out all his chariots, 900 chariots of iron, and all the men who were with him, from Harosheth-hagoyim to the river Kishon. 14 And Deborah said to Barak, “Up! For this is the day in which the Lord has given Sisera into your hand. Does not the Lord go out before you?” So Barak went down from Mount Tabor with 10,000 men following him. 15 And the Lord routed Sisera and all his chariots and all his army before Barak by the edge of the sword. And Sisera got down from his chariot and fled away on foot. 16 And Barak pursued the chariots and the army to Harosheth-hagoyim, and all the army of Sisera fell by the edge of the sword; not a man was left.

Judges 5:1, 7, 12, 15,


Links in John 11 and 12


John links his stories together in interesting ways.

 John 10

 “The thief comes in to steal, kill and destroy. 10:10

  • Compare with v. 31, 39; 11:8-9

“The good shepherd lays down his life for his sheep.”  10:11(also 15, 17)

  • Compare with 11:50; 12:7-8; 12:23ff
  • “The sheep listen to his voice.” 10:3, 4, 8, 16.
  • Compare with 10:25-31; 11:43-44

 John 11

This Mary…was the same one who poured perfume on the Lord and wiped his feet with her hair…”   11:2

  • Compare with 12:1-8

The dead man came out, his hands and feet wrapped with strips of linen, and a cloth around his face…” 11:44

  • Compare with 19:38-20:9

“You do not realize that it is better for you that one man die for the people than that the whole nation perish.”  11:50

  • Compare with John 3:16

Note: This is the John style.  The Letter of I John has a circular structure where several themes are stated, repeated and developed over the book, like a rope woven of strands.

Making Sense of John 7 and 8

palm_fronds-smallJohn 7 and 8 are “discourse” material that leads up the the sign of the blind man receive sight in Chapter 9.  I developed this worksheet for the adult class.  It contains an outline of the two chapters that is based upon the book “Reading John” by Charles H. Talbert, Crossroads, 1992.

Chapter 7 has a structure wrapped around Jesus’ attendance at the Feast of Tabernacles.

Chapter 8 is divided into 5 blocks of material

The unit from 7:53 to 8:11, the Woman Caught in Adultery, is generally agreed to be an addition to the Gospel of John.  The discussions on this is extensive in any commentary that you might want to read.  Some say we should ignore this text, some say it belongs in scripture, other say that it seems to be an authentic tradition but should not be equated with scripture.

Worksheet –   5.Jn7.8


Psalms and David – Psalm 63

David Flees So is David showing more maturity here?

I like Derek Kidner’s point that the use of “King” in verse 11 would date this at the later flight into the wilderness of David’s life. He first had to flee from Saul, when Saul not David was King.  Later in life he had to flee from his own son.  2 Samuel 15ff.

This psalm carries more confidence in God and less vitriol against his enemies.

  Worksheet on Psalm 63

Psalm 63 (NIV – 84)

A psalm of David. When he was in the Desert of Judah.

O God, you are my God,
earnestly I seek you;
my soul thirsts for you,
my body longs for you,
in a dry and weary land
where there is no water.

I have seen you in the sanctuary
and beheld your power and your glory.
Because your love is better than life,
my lips will glorify you.
I will praise you as long as I live,
and in your name I will lift up my hands.
My soul will be satisfied as with the richest of foods;
with singing lips my mouth will praise you.

On my bed I remember you;
I think of you through the watches of the night.
Because you are my help,
I sing in the shadow of your wings.
My soul clings to you;
your right hand upholds me.

They who seek my life will be destroyed;
they will go down to the depths of the earth.
10 They will be given over to the sword
and become food for jackals.

11 But the king will rejoice in God;
all who swear by God’s name will praise him,
while the mouths of liars will be silenced.

David and Psalms – Psalm 52 and Psalm 54

The virulence of the psalms is hard on our post-Sermon on the Mount ears.  However, we need to recall some things.

  • The Old Testament operates on a more material and present struggle.
  • David was being pursued by Saul and many others as he fled from place to place and lived by his wits.
  • Great massacres were accomplished (I Sam 22) and threatened (I Sam 23).
  • David’s prayers were for justice and vengeance.
  • David did “turn the other cheek” with Saul (I Samuel 24, 26).
  • Even the New Testament looks forward to judgment and vindication that is material. (Revelation).

Psalm 52 is set against the actions of Doeg found in I Samuel 22.  The psalm contrasts Doeg who trusted in his might and connection to power, to David who trusts in the Lord.

Psalm 54 is set against David’s flight through the desert regions from Saul, and his choice first to rescue a city and then leave it when his new-found friends were shown to be likely to betray him to Saul under a siege.

Attached is a worksheet on Psalm 54 with a map of locations mentioned in this Period of David’s life.