We are reading and I am preaching Genesis, John and later Revelation side by side. This is an interesting way to see these books from a different perspective. The text’s should not be forced to correlate, but it is interesting how often they do.
In Genesis 2, there is a clear statement of the dual nature of the first human.
“Then the Lord God formed a man from the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became a living being.” Genesis 2:7
So this states that humanity is of the dust of the earth – we are made of the matter that surrounds us. Unlike some views that see the world as a trap or an illusion, the Bible calls the material world (before sin) good. It is doing what it was made to do. And so human nature ties us to the world. Adam and Eve are created in the context of a material place – Eden.
While all creatures have the breath of life in them, even the mouse living in your attic has that. Only of “adam” was it said that God directly breathed into him the breath of life. So this is to say there is a spiritual nature. The word for “breath” is used here, but it suggests the spiritual nature of humanity.
We have a dual nature – we live and are tasked with working, caring for and enjoying life on the earth – together with others. Yet we in a unique way have a bond with the creator that is unlike the members of the animal kingdom.
In John 2, there is a wedding. Jesus and his disciples are in attendance. This is the same Jesus who was described in John 1 with this statement.
“The Word became flesh and dwelt among us.” John 1:14. In this chapter the Word is the pre-existent, eternal Son of God – present with the father at the creation of the world. So we see the divine nature of Jesus. yet the Word became flesh. He did not take up humanity as a disguise, but he became a man. Jesus has a dual nature that is far beyond ours. He is Divine (“the word”) and Human (“became flesh”)
At the wedding, Jesus took water and with the power of the Creator (“through him all thins were made” John 1:3) turned it into wine. Compared to Genesis 1, this is a small act. but compared to how men and women usually make wine, it is a sign of his divine nature. “What Jesus did here in Cana of Galilee was the first of the signs through which he revealed his glory and his disciples believed in him.” John 2:11
The church councils did a lot of work to hammer out our confession that in Jesus we have one person who is fully God (the Word) and fully man (became flesh).
People sometimes accuse these theologians of splitting hairs, but it seems to me that Genesis and John are written in simple terms (we can all understand words like word, dust, breath and flesh) but are also deeply theological.
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