In verse 1 and 17 Jesus is linked to Abraham, David and the Babylonian captivity. This is how the family tree breaks out in the verses between.
- Abraham to David is where the history of Israel goes from start to golden age. We could call this section of history “creation” in the sense that God created and shaped a nation to be a blessing to the world.
- David to Babylon is where the history of Israel falls on hard times. David is both the high point and the dividing line, because of his adultery and murder, the House of David starts a sharp descent. The kings that follow are mostly bad, even the good kings such as Solomon, Hezekiah and Josiah are flawed. This section of the history could be called the “fall”.
- Babylon to Christ is the story of Restoration – slowly with many starts and stops – the nation is restored under Zerubbabel, Ezra and Nehemiah. But it ends in the birth of the Messiah.
So the family tree shows a parallel to the history of salvation; Creation, fall and restoration.
There are three important titles: son of Abraham, son of David and Christ. Jesus was born to fulfill the calling to Abraham to be a blessing to the nations, he is to be a good ruler from the line of David who brings peace to the nations, and he is the Anointed one – the Messiah who was promised from the prophets on.
Then there are these odd additions to the family tree.
- Tamar who was tricked by her father in law out of her rights who then turned a trick on him. This Gentile adulteress-trickster is int he line of Christ.
- Rahab was a prostitute who put her trust in the God of Israel
- Ruth was a gentile who took the faith of her husbands people as her own.
- “the wife of Uriah” is Bathsheba, who was the “other woman” in David’s life, yet she is also the mother of Solomon and in the line of Christ.
- Mary, an unmarried young woman who carried a child under very unusual circumstances.
So the Gospel comes as a fulfillment of the historic promises of God to Abraham and David. It is also a promise that the Messiah comes as part of the history of sinners. He did not come to a world that looked like most Christmas cards, but to one that looks like the real messy world we actually live in.
The mission of Jesus is for messy people. Good thing that.